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Hanging in Gymnastics

Hanging in Gymnastics

Created in: 2023-06-16 20:18:58 | Updated in: 2023-06-16 21:12:27 || Visitors: 2370

Hanging is defined as the state in which the center of gravity is below the pivot point. However, in gymnastics, this expression is not accurate. In the parallel bars apparatus, the athlete is considered hanging when passing under the bars in swinging movements.

Hanging refers to a position where a gymnast supports their body by gripping a bar or rings and allowing their body to hang freely beneath it. The arms are extended, and the shoulders are engaged to maintain stability. The legs can either be straight or bent, depending on the specific skill or exercise being performed. Hanging is commonly used as a starting position for various skills, such as pull-ups, swings, or transitions to other elements.

The characteristics of the hanging position in gymnastics include:

1. Grip: The gymnast holds onto the bar or rings with a secure grip using their hands. The grip strength is essential for maintaining control and stability during hanging.
2. Extension: The arms are fully extended, with the elbows locked out. This allows for maximum stability and control while hanging.
3. Shoulder Engagement: The gymnast actively engages their shoulder muscles to stabilize the shoulder girdle. This helps prevent excessive movement and maintains control during hanging.
4. Body Alignment: The body is generally aligned in a straight line or a slightly arched position, depending on the specific skill or exercise being performed. The core muscles are engaged to maintain proper alignment.
5. Leg Position: The legs can be either straight or bent, depending on the requirements of the skill or exercise. Straight legs contribute to a more aesthetically pleasing line, while bent legs can provide additional control and ease of movement for certain elements.
6. Active Hanging: Hanging is not a passive position but requires active muscle engagement throughout the body. The gymnast must actively maintain tension in their arms, shoulders, core, and legs to control their movement and prevent swinging or loss of form.
7. Starting Position: Hanging often serves as a starting point for various skills and transitions in gymnastics routines. It allows the gymnast to generate momentum, initiate movements, and execute subsequent elements with control and precision.

It's important to note that these characteristics may vary depending on the specific apparatus being used, such as horizontal bars, uneven bars, or rings, as well as the skill level and discipline of the gymnast.

In gymnastics, hanging can be an integral part of different skills and transitions on the horizontal bar and parallel bars. While it often serves as a starting position for many movements, it is also utilized within the execution of certain elements.

For example, on the horizontal bar, hanging is commonly seen in skills such as giant swings, kips, front and back uprises, and in various release and catch moves. These elements require the gymnast to transition from a hanging position into other movements or release the bar temporarily before regaining control.

Similarly, on the parallel bars, hanging is involved in elements like swings, front and back uprises, and various transitions. It provides stability and control as the gymnast moves between different positions or performs complex movements on the bars.

In both apparatuses, hanging is utilized to maintain body control, generate momentum, and execute a wide range of dynamic skills and transitions.

The center of gravity (COG) and hanging are both important concepts in gymnastics and other disciplines involving body control and balance. Let's explore the relationship between the two:

1. Center of Gravity: The center of gravity refers to the point within an object or a person where the entire weight of that object or person can be considered to act. It is the point at which the force of gravity can be considered to be concentrated. In a simplified sense, it is the balance point or the average location of all the mass of an object or a person.

2. Hanging and Center of Gravity: When a gymnast is in a hanging position, such as hanging from a bar or rings, the position of their center of gravity becomes crucial for maintaining balance and control. The center of gravity typically lies within the body, around the midsection or lower abdomen.

In a hanging position, the gymnast must actively engage their core muscles and make adjustments to their body position to ensure that their center of gravity remains aligned with the apparatus and their grip. This allows them to maintain stability, prevent excessive swinging or rotation, and execute movements with control.

The location of the center of gravity can change depending on the specific body position, such as whether the legs are straight or bent, and the distribution of mass within the body. Gymnasts often learn to manipulate their body position and adjust their center of gravity to perform various skills and movements effectively.

By understanding the relationship between hanging, body position, and the center of gravity, gymnasts can enhance their balance, stability, and control, leading to better performance on apparatuses like the horizontal bar, rings, or parallel bars.

It's worth noting that the precise management of the center of gravity and body position is a fundamental aspect of gymnastics and is crucial for executing movements with grace, precision, and efficiency.

The golden rule of Swing: The Order of Shaping in a swing is as follows:

1. Arms: As the gymnast swings forward or backward, the arms are the first body part to pass through the deepest point of the swing. They provide the initial support and guide the movement.
2. Shoulders: After the arms, the shoulders pass through the deep point. This involves engaging the shoulder muscles and maintaining control of the swing.
3. Trunk: The trunk, or the core of the body, follows the shoulders in passing through the deep point. The gymnast maintains a tight and engaged core to ensure stability and control.
4. Hips: Next, the hips come through the deep point. The gymnast uses their hip flexor muscles to drive the swing and maintain body alignment.
5. Knees: Following the hips, the knees pass through the deep point. The gymnast keeps their legs together and engages their leg muscles to support the swing.
6. Feet: Finally, the feet pass through the deep point of the swing. The gymnast keeps their feet pointed and maintains control over the swing as they move towards the next phase.
while in going out from deep point in the hanging will be reverse order of that

Following the Order of Shaping helps ensure a safe and efficient swing on, reducing the risk of injuries and enhancing performance. It promotes proper body alignment, effective force generation, and controlled movements.


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